How to Auto-Update Copyright Year with JavaScript (No document.write())

I’ve just finished converting my small presentation website, Radu.link, into a full-blown static website to host it on Netlify. No more PHP used to include files and all that.

Removing PHP also meant removing the code which made the copyright year update automatically in the footer.

<?php echo date("Y"); ?>

So, I had to find a replacement. Luckily, JavaScript comes to the rescue with a simple solution.

Auto-Update Copyright Year with JavaScript

To auto-update your copyright year in the footer using JavaScript, follow these steps.

Step 1

Create an empty HTML element, such as a span or paragraph, and add a CSS id to it.

<span id="copyright-year"></span>

I chose a span tag with id="copyright-year".

Make sure that the id you choose is unique on that page.

Step 2

Under the HTML element, add this JavaScript code inside <script> tags.

<script>
    document.querySelector('#copyright-year').innerText = new Date().getFullYear();
</script>

Since there’s very little code, there’s no need to create an external file for it.

You could also use textContent instead of innerText.

I didn’t use innerHTML because there are no inner element tags added (e.g. <strong></strong>). I just wanted the year in plain text.

Here’s how the final code looks like:

Copyright © <span id="copyright-year"></span>

<script>
    document.querySelector('#copyright-year').innerText = new Date().getFullYear();
</script>

Why Isn’t document.write() a Good Practice?

At first, I used this JavaScript code to auto-update the copyright year:

<script>
  document.write(new Date().getFullYear());
</script>

But when I checked my site with Google’s PageSpeed Insights, I got this warning:

avoid document.write()

“For users on slow connections, external scripts dynamically injected via ‘document.write()’ can delay page load by tens of seconds.”

Now, it mentions external scripts injected dynamically via document.write(), which was not the case for the above code, but I still read about it and came to the conclusion that it’s not a good option.

Here are a couple of quotes from the post on Web.dev:

Lighthouse reports any remaining calls to document.write() because it adversely affects performance no matter how it’s used, and there are better alternatives.

Remove all uses of document.write() in your code. If it’s being used to inject third-party scripts, try using asynchronous loading instead.

It clearly mentions that it affects performance no matter how it’s used, and all uses should be removed, not just injecting scripts. At least that’s how I understand it.

That’s a Wrap

I hope you found the post useful, and the code worked for you.

If you have questions or thoughts, please leave a comment or send me a message using the contact page.

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